Texas Cockroaches: How to Deal with Roaches in Texas
Cockroaches are an insect species that were dated back in time as 320 million years ago. Some species are known as pests. Unlike other insects and pests, cockroaches rarely bite.
The reason these are dangerous is because of the dirt, bacteria, parasitic worms, human pathogens, and diseases. They carry diarrhea, fever, vomiting, and even Salmonella in rare cases.
Roaches in Texas specifically have different characteristics than the ones all over the world.
Cockroaches are common in Dallas, Austin, Houston and other cities of Texas; hence for the health and safety of you and your family, you must be familiar with their types.
Are Cockroaches Common in Texas?
Complained about as the World’s Most Despicable Bug, a cockroach is extremely common in Texas. It is usually found in kitchens. Scientists say that Texas has the most roaches as compared to the other states, but they are not sure of the exact numbers.
As specified above, a Texas Cockroach has different behavior and characteristic. They are comparatively bigger than all roaches in the world.
Barely anyone would like to get close or know more about these critters but it is imperative to know about them as Texas alone has more than thirty species of roaches.
A 2017 Report by realtor.com puts Houston, Texas at the top in the list of America’s worst pest-infested cities.
Different Types of Roaches in Texas
This article aims at educating about the types of cockroaches found in Texas. There are 5 major species of roaches found here.
Most commonly and incorrectly called “water bugs” or “palmetto bugs,” they are known as the American Cockroaches.
These cockroaches get the name “Palmetto” as they originally were found in Palmetto Tree which is most popular in the Palmetto State. This roach has the longest lifespan as compared to the other roaches.
The adult American cockroach can live up to 2 years and measures in the range of one to three inches. It appears as dark-red or brown with light yellow edges on its exoskeleton.
These roaches have wings; the wings of male roaches are typically longer than the body. The wings of female cockroaches just overlap the abdomen. The American adult cockroaches can fly.
The female cockroach can lay about 16 eggs into an ootheca which she carries for several days. To reach maturity, these critters take about 6 to 12 months. Some rare roaches take up to 15 months to fully mature.
In Texas, these roaches are extremely popular and are most usually found on trees. Indoors, they prefer dark, humid and empty places with low disturbance levels.
Places like basements, kitchens, roofs, laundry rooms are ideal places where these roaches can be found. They are also found in outdoor areas, especially around garbage cans or dumpsters during warm weather.
The American cockroaches are photophobic like most of their species. They prefer the dark and whenever the lights are turned on, they tend to run away.
Texas Tree Roach
As suggested by their name, these roaches play an important role in the environment. The average size of these Texas Tree Roaches is about 2 to 3 inches. They are present in mulch, flower beds, woodpiles, decaying logs or other moist, outdoor environments.
They also prefer to stay around sewers, dumpsters and often look for environments having necessities like food, water, and shelter. As plumbing access may offer convenient entry points, these roaches can be found in laundry rooms, kitchen sinks, and bathrooms.
These roaches have wings and hence can fly. Due to their ability to fly and their size, they are extremely scary to encounter. They have a reddish-brown carapace body. On average, the mature female produces from a range of 12 to 36 eggs at a time.
These eggs are kept in an ootheca which the female carries around for several days. An ootheca is a bean-shaped capsule in the female body where the eggs are protected. In Texas, these roaches are known to annoy and hence measures to need to be taken to get rid of them.
These roaches are known to be all around the world. They are light brown and they have two dark stripes running longitudinally on their pronotum, which is the top section of the back.
They have the quickest rate of reproduction. At a time, the female lay up 35 to 40 eggs which take about a month to hatch. Once the nymphs (baby cockroaches) are hatched, they take from 6 weeks to 6 months to fully mature into German Cockroaches.
In Texas, these roaches are found indoors and they prefer wet and humid conditions. Hence, they are present near plumbing areas, like bathrooms, kitchen sinks, laundry rooms, etc.
Brown Banded Cockroaches
This roach is extremely easy to identify as it has yellow-brown stripes that run across its abdomen and wings. The male brown-banded roach species have a dark-brown base and are golden-tanned toward the tips of their wings while the female brown-banded species have dark-brown bodies and reddish-brown wings.
The female lays about 18 to 20 eggs in her ootheca which keeps the eggs protected. Further, she carries the ootheca around for nearly about 2 days. Nymphs hatch out after one to three months. To fully mature into Brown Banded Cockroaches, these critters take about 13 to 45 weeks.
These roaches, in Texas, uniquely tend to avoid damp and moist places and love warm environments. They are found in attics of heated buildings, motor appliances, near electric heaters and more such places. These critters are inclined towards materials having high starch.
Favoring warm conditions, they prefer the night time and move by crawling. Most of the males tend to fly but only in warm climates.
These roaches in Texas are known for giving out a distinctive foul and musty odor. They are often referred to as the “water roaches” or “black beetles,” as they are either dark brown or black and glossy.
The adults are usually about an inch long and these roaches are winged. Oriental cockroaches prefer to run rather than fly. The wings of a male are shorter than their body, while those of the female cockroach are underdeveloped.
The female roaches lay about 16 eggs in the ootheca which take about 2 months to hatch into nymphs. These nymphs take about 16 to 18 months to mature into adult Oriental Cockroaches.
They prefer to stay out of sight of humans and hence love the outdoor environment. They like to feed on decayed organic matter and garbage and hence are found in areas like heaps, dumpsters and leaf litters.
When found in Texas, they are usually found in dark and damp places like sinks, drains, and basements.
Flying Cockroaches in Texas
There are flying roaches present in Texas, which is the reason why most people are terrified of these pests, as unless you smash these roaches while they are on the ground, they attack towards you.
The wings of the American male roaches are typically longer than the body. The wings of the American female cockroaches just overlap the abdomen. The American adult cockroaches can fly but mostly they use their wings to glide.
Texas Tree Roaches, Male Germanicus, Asian Roaches, Brown Roaches, Smoky Brown Roaches, and Wood Roaches are also known and very capable of flying. The German Cockroaches can fly as well but for very short distances.
In Texas, roaches are an extreme problem. As Texas is a populous hub for this variety of critters, you must take measures to get rid of them.
You must keep your surrounding clean and clear. You must also equip yourself with pest repellants, roach sprays and you need to act quickly if you see a few of them present.
If you do not see them, look for these signs instead- roach skins (seen near their shelters, as nymphs shed skin), roach feces (cylindrical, tiny with brown or black color), unusual odor and smear marks.