Interesting Facts All About The June Bug (It’s Not Blind)

June Bug

June bugs are also commonly referred to as May beetles or June beetles. These insects belong to the scarab beetle family and make up the genus Phyllophaga.

Native to North America, these bugs can be found in deciduous forests and woodlands where they burrow beneath logs and fallen trees for shelter and food.

Or more annoyingly these little buggers can be found flying around your porch light banging around constantly during the summer months.

Read on to find out just why they do this and much more.

How did June bugs Get Their Name?

June bugs got their name because of the fact that the adult June bugs emerge from the soil at the beginning of the summer.

Female June bugs bury their eggs just a little below the surface of the soil. The larvae hatch within 3 to 4 weeks and will then feed on grass and other plants. They can feed and grow for as long as 3 years! Talk about a late bloomer.

In late spring, early summer, the larvae will grow into pupae and within 3 weeks they will mature into full-grown adult June bugs.

Are June Bugs Blind?

No, June bugs are not blind. They are just very bad at flying and that makes them appear clumsy and uncoordinated.

Instead of their wings moving up and down like most flying insects, June bugs essentially wiggle their wing by curling and un-curling them rapidly in a figure 8 motion.

This method of flying is called “snap-winging” and it’s likely because of their elytra. When they do this, they actually use the hard forewings as a way to break out of their shell by giving themselves room to move around.

So basically June bugs are not very good at flying because of how awkward they are with moving their wings so instead they just snap their wings hoping to gain enough momentum to lift off the ground.

Why Are June Bugs Attracted To Light?

It’s a strange phenomenon because it is the first known instance of an insect being attracted to artificial lights on such a large scale as they all congregate around any source of light at night.

What scientists think might be going on is that some June bugs mistake artificial lights for the moon and that they actually migrate towards them. If you think about it, it’s possible that they confuse artificial lights with the moon because of how bright some of these lights are compared to the Moon which can be so small and far away from Earth.

So if this is all true then basically June bugs aren’t necessarily attracted to anything in particular but they are attracted to bright light sources.

Why Are June Bugs So Noisy?

It’s honestly not very well known why June bugs make noise. The fact is they do make a lot of noise in the summer when you’re trying to sleep at night.

What scientists think might be going on here is that there are two types of male June bugs, one that has a “song” and ones that don’t have songs.

The ones with songs use their song to attract females and it turns out the noise is actually the result of them flexing a membrane in their abdomen called the tymbal which vibrates at high speeds.

Here’s how it works: There is a muscle attaching two plates together, when these muscles contract it causes one plate to snap against the other making that noise.

So basically June bugs are noisiest when they’re trying to attract a mate.

Do June Bugs Bite?

No, June bugs will not bite you. They are harmless and pose no danger to humans and pets because their mouthparts are mad for only chewing plant material.

If one does land on you and you happen to feel a slight pinch it’s only because of their spins on their legs that help them grasp surfaces better.

Where Do June Bugs Go During The Day?

June bugs don’t really get up and go anywhere during the day. Sometimes you might catch one crawling on the ground but for the most part, they’re pretty stationary creatures that sleep under whatever shelter they can find during the day.

The June Bug Life Cycle

June bugs undergo complete metamorphosis during their lifetime. This means they go through four different stages: egg, larva (which is the grub, nymph and finally an adult.

The life cycle starts when a female June bug lays her eggs in the soil and then covers them up with dirt. The eggs will then stay there until they’re ready to hatch.

In about a month-and-a-half the eggs will finally start to hatch and what you’ll see is a small larva that eats anything it can find including other June bugs as well as plant roots, fruits, vegetables and even the bark of trees!

This bug may look scary but what you need to remember is that it’s only a bug in the sense that it has six legs and two antennae. It looks like a June bug but without wings and with a little less hair.

For about 2-3 years, these larvae will grow bigger and bigger until they reach their full size. The next stage in its life cycle is where it becomes an adult.

That usually happens sometime in June when these larvae climb out of the ground and wait for their wings to grow back. After they dry off, they’ll take flight and that’s when people start to notice them everywhere because they can be very loud at night due to their mating ritual.

This cycle will then repeat itself when they lay eggs that hatch into larvae.

What Is The June Bug Mating Ritual?

Similar to many other insects, male and female June bugs will perform a mating ritual to attract each other.

During the ritual, the male will hold onto the female June bug with his antennas while she emits a scent to tell him she’s ready for mating.

The two bugs will then begin their mating ritual which can take up to 12 hours in some cases! It’s not uncommon to see four pairs of June bugs holding onto each other in a big group.

The males eventually let go and afterward they usually die within the next day or two after mating because their internal organs are normally located near their wings which made it impossible for them to pull away without fatally injuring themselves.

What Eats June Bugs?

June bugs are a food source for a wide range of animals including birds, mammals and reptiles.

Some of the animals that eat June bugs include cats, dogs, snakes, owls and hawks.

What Do June Bugs Eat?

June bugs don’t have a picky diet. They just sit around all day and sleep most of the time. However, they do eat whatever comes their way such as plants and fruits, especially those growing in gardens and farms.

Are June Bugs Edible?

Yes, June bugs are actually considered a delicacy in some cultures most famously from China and Japan where they deep-fry them until they turn golden brown. They have a nutty flavor with a little bit of sweetness since most of their organs are located near their legs.

June bugs contain a lot of protein and very little fat making them a great source for consumption. They also have iron, calcium, and other nutrients making them a healthy treat, at least to some.

Be careful though if you have a hankering for some fresh uncooked June bugs. June bug consumption has been linked to outbreaks of an infectious form of meningitis. This is because the bacteria living in their gut are what causes this disease.

The good news is that there was only one reported case of June bug-related meningitis in 1999. There’s no reason to fear June bugs unless you tend to eat a lot of them while ignoring the safe cooking instructions.

Are June Bugs Considered Good Luck?

In some cultures, June bugs are considered a sign of good luck because they symbolize friends or family visiting soon.

In other places, however, it’s just the opposite. People consider June bugs harbinger of bad things to come and try to get rid of them as quickly as possible. They can wreak havoc on crops and gardens.

Final Words

So there you have it! June bugs are just harmless bugs that aren’t much of a threat. They’re mostly seen as a nuisance since they can easily reproduce and eat all the fruits in your garden but nothing that would kill you.

What Do Grasshoppers Eat?

Grasshopper eating

Grasshoppers are insects belonging to the suborder Caelifera in the order Orthoptera. They are sometimes confused with crickets, which belong to an entirely different suborder ( Ensifera ). Grasshoppers are typically ground-dwelling herbivores that feed on plants and tender foliage.

Read on to learn more about the eating habits of the grasshopper.

What Do Grasshoppers Eat?

Grasshoppers eat a wide variety of plants, including cereal crops and other types of grasses. They also have been known to feed on trees and shrubs. Grasshoppers typically eat during the day, when they can better detect potential predators.

Their eating habits are affected by their environment; in hot climates, for example, they may eat less frequently.

Grasshoppers have been known to eat other insects from time to time, but these insects make up a small fraction of their diet and should not be relied upon in any setting.

What Type Of Plants Do Grasshoppers Eat?

The type of plants that grasshoppers eat varies depending on the species. Some common plants in a grasshoppers diet include corn, cotton, lettuce, clover and various weeds.

The nymphs of the grasshopper eat plants too!

Nymphs look like smaller versions of adult grasshoppers. They often eat leaves, but may also damage or kill vines, flowers and other garden plants. A single grasshopper female can lay more than 100 eggs.

How Do Grasshoppers Eat?

Grasshoppers need to eat every day. They do not have teeth, so they can only eat soft plant material. They use their mouthparts to puncture the plant and suck out the juices. Some species of grasshopper will eat until their abdomen is about three times larger than normal.

How Much Can A Grasshopper Eat In A Day?

About 30% of the body weight of a grasshopper is consumed per day. This number varies based on the size and age of the insect, as well as environmental factors.

But very large grasshoppers can eat more than their own body weight in a single day if conditions are right.

So a typical 100mg grasshopper would typically eat 30mg of plant material per day.

However, this is a relatively high rate of consumption, as many insects only eat about 5% of their body weight per day.

What Can You Feed A Grasshopper?

There are several ways to feed your pet grasshopper. You can offer grains, cereal, stale bread or even fresh lettuce. The grasshopper doesn’t have teeth, so it will grind up the food in its stomach using grit taken from outside.

Keep in mind that some food may be toxic if fed improperly, so only use items that are approved for human or animal consumption.

You can also offer your pet grasshopper leaves, flowers and seeds from healthy plants around the yard. This is an excellent way to dispose of weeds that are growing in your garden. Grasshoppers will rarely eat fully developed fruits or vegetables because they tend to have a bitter taste.

Grasshoppers can gulp down large quantities of food in a short time. Feed your grasshopper no more than an ounce, which is roughly the size of its head.

What are toxic foods for a grasshopper?

Some foods that are toxic for a grasshopper include onion, garlic and chocolate. Other potentially harmful items include artificial sweeteners, tobacco and old food.

What Do Grasshoppers Drink?

Grasshoppers drink water, which they obtain from rain or the dew that condenses on plants. They will also drink from any standing water in puddles or ponds.

Grasshoppers cannot drink milk, soda or juice because they can be harmful. They should not be fed anything with artificial sweeteners in it, such as diet soda.

Are Grasshoppers Good For Gardens?

Grasshoppers are not usually considered to be helpful garden insects. They eat leaves, flowers and other plants in your garden. However, they also eat some weeds that may compete with your vegetable plants or ornamental flowers. There are some exceptions to the rule; for example, certain species of grasshoppers have been known to eat non-native weeds that are harmful invasive species.

Are Grasshoppers Cannibalistic?

Grasshoppers are generally not cannibalistic but can be if they are overcrowded or have limited food sources. A hungry grasshopper may eat a dying or dead member of the same species.

Can Humans Eat Grasshoppers?

Yes, humans can eat grasshoppers. As gross as that sounds to some, grasshoppers are low in fat and high in protein, which makes them an excellent choice for a healthy diet. They also contain important nutrients such as iron, calcium and B vitamins.

In addition to eating the adults, many cultures also use grasshopper egg cases as a food source.

Conclusion

Grasshoppers are herbivores who eat a diet of a variety of plants and crops. Though not typical grasshoppers do eat animal tissues and waste and can show cannibalistic behavior.

Here is a short YouTube video that explaining the grasshopper’s diet:

22 Fascinating Questions Answered About Cockroaches

Different Cockroach species

In this post, I will cover numerous questions pertaining to the humble cockroach. While almost universally hated throughout the world you can not deny these pesky insects are fascinating in their in own right.

Do Cockroaches Have Brains?

Yes, cockroaches do have brains – but these are very basic and simple in comparison to human brains.

They only have about 20,000 brain cells (compared to the 100 billion humans have), and they do not have any pain receptors.

The cockroach’s brain is in its head, and it has a pair of ganglia in the thorax near the nerve cord that helps it process some of its information.

Do Cockroaches Have Nerves?

Yes, they have nerve cells – cockroaches do not have very much of them though, so when compared to humans they don’t really feel pain as much as we do.

Cockroaches have two major ganglia, also called nerve cords. One is located in their head and the other is located near the tail end of their body.

These help them control movement, but they don’t really give them any sensory information – it’s more like they are “connected” to different parts of the roach’s body and this helps them control movement.

Do Cockroaches Have Feelings?

It is not clear whether or not cockroaches can feel pain. According to their behavior, you could assume they do, but it is difficult to tell for sure due to a lack of research.

Do Cockroaches Have Hearts?

They do not have hearts, but they do have a very long dorsal vessel that carries hemolymph throughout their body. This is more like a system of arteries and veins than anything else though – there is no one part that can be said to be functioning as a heart.

Do Cockroaches Have Eyes?

Their compound eyes are made up of hundreds of lenses (called ommatidia), each one with a specific task. They can see fine details this way.

A downside is that they also see everything from many different perspectives, which makes it difficult for them to recognize what they’re actually looking at.

Do Cockroaches See?

Cockroaches do not have eyelids and can’t blink. This is one reason why they die on contact with insecticides: the chemical gets into their eyes and kills them.

They also can’t see colors, but the spectrum of light that they perceive (which has more blue than red) makes it easy for them to distinguish between dark and light.

Can Roaches See in the Dark?

They can see much better in the dark than we can. Their eyes are multi-faceted, and each individual lens has around 150 lenses to help them detect as much light as possible.

They also have a large number of genes devoted to helping them see in the dark.

Do Cockroaches Smell?

They do not have noses as we do, but they still manage to smell and communicate with each other through the use of pheromones (chemicals that are used for communication).

Additionally, roaches can actually smell in stereo. Each antenna on their body has around 50 smaller antennas which help them detect different smells.

Do Cockroaches Have Mouths?

Yes, they do. They are located on the underside of their body and they open up in a straight line from where their head is to the end of the abdomen.

This might make it seem like they are taking food in through that opening, but this is not exactly correct. The mouth of the cockroach is called a “proboscis”, and it does not always stay in that straight line.

When they eat, the first thing that goes into their mouth is saliva which breaks down food even further. They are very picky about what they will eat though – for example, if there are two similar types of food on the floor (same type of leaf, for example), they will choose the fresher one over the older one.

Do Cockroaches Have Tongues?

No, they do not. However, they do produce a liquid that is similar to saliva and it moistens the mouthparts that are called palps. These palps help them eat food by breaking it down further with enzymes.

Do Cockroaches Have Ears?

Their ears are tiny holes on the side of their bodies. The way they hear is similar to the way moths do, although cockroaches have far more hearing organs than moths do.

Cockroaches have groups of cells for hearing called chordotonal organs and they’re located in the joints between their body parts.

They can sense vibrations in the air, the ground and even on their own bodies. For example, they can actually hear their footsteps.

Do Cockroaches Have Hair?

They don’t have any hair on their bodies. They are almost completely smooth. They do however produce a waxy compound that coats the body and makes them feel smooth/silky. It also helps them to keep moisture in their body (in the same way sweat does for us).

However, some types of roaches do have hairs/bristles around/behind their head and on the lower part of their abdomen. These bristles are sensory organs.

Do Cockroaches Have Lungs?

They do not actually breathe but absorb oxygen through spiracles in their body walls. They also use this breathing method to scent pheromones and release carbon dioxide (similar to us humans). This is why you will rarely see them panting as dogs do – they simply don’t need to.

Are Cockroaches Omnivores?

They are not picky eaters, they will eat pretty much anything that smells good to them.

Their favorite foods are sugars and starches (e.g fruits, bread).

They can also feed on plant leaves, glue, hair/fur/feathers/skin particles, etc. They will not eat wood, and some roaches can’t feed on leaves and such because they have been genetically modified to be unable to digest cellulose.

Cellulose is a carbohydrate found in plant cell walls. Humans have enzymes that break down these carbohydrates so we can get energy from them, but cockroaches do not.

Do Cockroaches Carry Diseases?

They do not actually carry any diseases- they spread them.

Some of the most common infections that can be transmitted by roaches are E.coli (short for Escherichia coli), salmonella, shigella and streptococcus (the last two cause strep throat).

They carry these viruses on their legs and bodies, and also in their intestines.

If you touch a cockroach, it’s possible for its droppings to get under your fingernails. If you eat soon after that, the bacteria from those droppings can end up inside your body as well. It is not very common for people to catch these infections from roaches, though.

One thing that’s good to remember is that roaches do clean themselves like cats do (they lick their legs and such) – this means the droppings on their legs will not be there for long.

Do Cockroaches Sleep?

Cockroaches do sleep, but they don’t have eyelids so they can’t really close their eyes. They will only rest when they are in a dark place where they feel safe, and even then it might be just for a few minutes or hours.

When the roach is resting, its body goes into “stop” mode which means all of its muscles will relax (this doesn’t mean that they are unconscious though).

Do Cockroaches Have Blood?

Yes, they do have blood – it is called hemolymph and it’s actually closer to the blood of an insect than it is to our blood (the color varies depending on what type of food they eat).

When a roach loses a leg, it can bleed because the hemolymph will ooze out. Sometimes they will “bleed” to death this way simply because their immune system isn’t strong enough, and other times it might be caused by a bacterium that enters the wound and releases toxins.

Do Cockroaches Have Bones?

They do not have a skeleton – instead, their bodies are made up of a hard protective shell called an exoskeleton. This surface can be hard or soft depending on what kind of species it is – the harder species will have a shield-like shell, while the softer ones will have a smoother one.

They do not actually need to have bones because their exoskeleton can support itself and their muscles are enough to keep their bodies from collapsing in on themselves.

Do Cockroaches Shed?

Yes, they do shed their skin when they grow too big for it. They will eat their shed skin after doing this though – because the new skin underneath is soft and moist, allowing them to move around much easier than before.

When they are molting, they will be very vulnerable to other predators because they cannot move while their new exoskeleton forms.

Can Roaches Survive a Fire?

Yes, they can. This is because their bodies are covered in a wax-like substance that protects them from extreme temperatures (this wax also helps them retain moisture).

This doesn’t mean that they will not suffer great physical harm if exposed to very high temperatures for too long though – their exoskeletons might begin to melt and this will cause them to melt as well. They can also die if they are burned and not allowed to cool down before too long.

Do Cockroaches Like the Cold?

They can tolerate pretty low temperatures, but they prefer warmer weather. If you’re thinking about keeping them as pets, it is best if you choose one of the species that live in tropical conditions (humidity and high temperature) because keeping them in warm conditions will be much easier than keeping them in cold ones.

Do Cockroaches Have Genders?

Yes, they are either male or female. The male has a “phallus” which can be compared to the shape of a saber tooth tiger’s fang. It is an organ that will transfer sperm from the male to the female during mating.

Cockroach vs. Cicada ( What’s The Difference? )

Cockroach and Cicada

Cockroach vs. Cicada, two different insects/invertebrates that can seem similar at first glance but can be distinguished from each other. Many traits make it easy for you to know whether it’s a cockroach or a cicada once you have the facts. 

It may be important to know the difference between these two.

We all thought that 2021 is the year after the COVID pandemic when everything will be getting back to normal, but not exactly for those who can’t stand insects. It is because this year, Brood X, a brood of periodical cicadas, will set to storm the United States.

What is a Cockroach?

It is a winged insect that has a flat and oval-shaped body with a long antenna. The number of wings depends on the gender of the cockroach. Usually, male cockroaches have two pairs of wings. On the other hand, females are wingless and have only vestigial wings. 

Despite having wings, most male and female insects cannot fly. These insects usually prefer to live in a moderately warm environment that is neither too cold nor too hot.

What is a Cicada?

Cicadas, also scientifically known as Cicadoidea, are spineless insects. With 3000+ species present, most cicadas are around us once a year (annual cicadas) and after every 1 to 2 decades (periodical cicadas).

North America is the only place throughout the world where people have spotted periodical cicadas. On the flip side, annual cicadas are common in many parts of the world.

Cockroach vs. Cicada: The Main Differences

If you are someone who finds it hard to differentiate between a cockroach and a cicada, here’s a list of distinguishable traits for their identification.

Looks and Identifying Traits

Physical appearance is the most distinguishable factor/trait of these two insects.

With a small head and flat body, cockroaches have red-brown integument, compound eyes, and two simple eyes along with an antenna.

Opposite to it, cicadas have a broad head with stout bodies and wings through which running veins are visible. Cicadas also have two large compound eyes and three simple eyes.

Endothermic or Ectothermic insects

Endotherms are those organisms that are capable of temperature regulation. Oppositely, those organisms that cannot maintain their body temperature within a tolerable range are called ectotherms.

For example, cockroaches are ectotherms because of the inability to regulate their body’s internal metabolism. Contrarily, cicadas lie between ectotherms and endotherms as they use both these mechanisms for body heat production.

The natural habitat of cockroaches and cicadas

Natural habitats are the areas where a living organism can live, grow, and breed independently.  

For example, the natural habitat of cockroaches includes lead litter, debris, bark cavities, and plant stems and woods. 

On the other hand, cicadas inhabit tree trunks, twigs, and woody shrubs where they suck the juice or sap of these plants.

Which part of the US are cockroaches and insects present?

You can find North American cockroaches in sewers and drains. City sewer systems of the US are the parts where most cockroaches are present. Many cockroaches are around us seasonally during the spring or summer.

Likewise, central and eastern regions, including Midwest, are the part of the US where most periodical cicadas reside. Periodical cicadas are around us every 13 to 17 years.

For instance, Brood X is one brood of about 15 biggest periodical cicadas present in the US that appear after 17 years. And 2021 is going to be the year in which this cicada brood will set to emerge.

What do cockroaches and cicadas eat?

Eating plays a vital role in the survival and reproduction of any organism. 

Being omnivores, cockroaches eat meat and plants, including dietary dishes, pet foods, garbage, hair, and even books.

Unlike cockroaches, cicadas are herbivores that eat plant debris and feed on the juices and root sap of large trees and twigs. Reproduction of cicadas passes through three stages: 

  • Eggs
  • Nymphs
  • Adult cicadas 

Nymphs cannot eat twigs, so they depend only on plant juices. Inversely, adult cicadas, imagoes, eat them.

Are cockroaches and cicadas dangerous?

Organisms are called dangerous based on how much harm they cause to us (human beings) and our surroundings. 

Cockroaches induce asthma attacks and trigger various allergies. Some of them also contain bacteria that cause diarrhea, typhoid fever, and vomiting. As a result, we can say that cockroaches are dangerous but usually not deadly and also bite.

But when it comes to whether cicadas are dangerous or not, the answer is no! It’s because most cicadas are harmless to human beings, do not sting or bite, and most of their species are beneficial for plants.

Because of their size, they can be off putting to people but present no harm.

Actually, cicadas are great for our environment. When cicadas die off, they provide nitrogen to the plants for better growth.

Do I Have A Cockroach or Cicada Infestation?

Cockroach or cicada infestation occurs when you have a large number of these insects around your area or home.

How to tell if there is a cockroach infestation?

Cockroaches are nocturnal means they are active during the night. Some of the signs of cockroach infestation are:

  • Black coffee-like drops on the floor
  • Brown irregular marks on watery ground
  • Cockroach shells because they shed their skin 5 to 8 times during their lifecycle
  • Damaged organic food packaging, leather, or books

How to tell cicada infestation?   

Cicada is a common diurnal insect, which means they remain active during daylight. If you see mud chimneys, holes in your home lawn and hear buzzing sounds, the chances are that it is a cicada infestation. Research shows that some species of North American cicadas can produce sounds as high as up to 105 decibels. Such high-pitched sounds can even put planes to shame.

How to get rid of infestation?

To get rid of a cockroach infestation, avoid putting open organic food overnight, wash dishes, and close food containers. Moreover, keep your surroundings clean and take the help of a pest control professional in extreme conditions.

Likewise, you can prevent cicada infestation by spraying water on your plants with a garden hose. Furthermore, wrapping twigs with foil is also a way to get rid of this infestation. 

With all these facts in hand, you can now easily distinguish these two insects from one and other.